Turkey - Ephesus
One of the greatest ruined cities in the Western world. A Greek city was first built here in about 1000BC and it soon rose to fame as a centre for the worship of Cybele, the Anatolian Mother Goddess. The city we see today was founded in the 4th century BC by Alexander the Great Succesor, Lysimachus.
But it was under the Romans that Ephesus became the chief port on the Aegean. Most of the surviving structures date from this period.
Two great councils of the early church were held here in AD 431 and 449. It is said that the Virgin Mary spent her last days nearby and that St. John the Evengelist came from the island of Patmos to look after her.